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nitrogen gas:

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    Alabama Department of Corrections Alan Eugene Miller. Nitrogen hypoxia was the execution method Alan Eugene Miller says he selected, leading to a legal debate that lasted until just a few hours before his death warrant was set to expire and reached the U.S. Supreme Court. Miller is set to be executed tonight, September 22, 2022, after a U.S. Supreme Court decision came shortly before a midnight deadline. Miller had asked to be executed by nitrogen hypoxia, a move the state would not allow, according to the Montgomery Advertiser. Miller was convicted of killing Christopher Yancy, Lee Holdbrooks and Terry Jarvis, according to WTRF. Here’s what you need to know:Oklahoma Was the First State to Allow Execution By Nitrogen HypoxiaOklahoma became the first state to use nitrogen hypoxia execution, also known as death by nitrogen execution, in March 2018, according to Oklahoma Watch. The article spelled out in graphic detail how nitrogen hypoxia execution happens, if all goes according to plan. Oklahoma Watch reported: The condemned man enters the room where he will draw his last breath. He...
    Gas stoves affect the air quality inside and outside of your home as they circulate pollutants that increase the risk of asthma and other illnesses. While it may feel like air pollution can only be outside of your home, it’s important to keep in mind our indoor air quality as well. Gas stoves can be a big culprit of harmful air quality indoors. Cooking with gas stoves creates nitrogen dioxide and releases tiny airborne particles called PM2.5. Both of these can irritate the lungs, and nitrogen dioxide has even been linked to childhood asthma. Two million cases of new childhood asthma due to nitrogen dioxide pollution were reported in 2019. According to an article by Harvard Health, children living in households that have gas stoves were 42 percent more likely to have asthma, according to an analysis of observational research. Although these studies can not definitively say that the gas stove was the cause of asthma, the data also showed that the higher the level of nitrogen dioxide there was in the house, the more severe the asthma symptoms in...
    PHOENIX (AP) — A federal judge is considering whether to postpone the execution of an Arizona prisoner who argues the state’s death penalty procedures would violate his rights by subjecting him to unimaginable pain. Attorneys for Frank Atwood said their client would undergo excruciating suffering if he were strapped to the execution gurney while lying on his back because he has a degenerative spinal condition that has left him in a wheelchair. Atwood is scheduled to be lethally injected Wednesday for his murder conviction in the 1984 killing of 8-year-old Vicki Hoskinson. At a court hearing Friday, Atwood’s lawyers questioned whether the compounded pentobarbital to be used in the execution meets pharmaceutical standards and whether the state has met a requirement that the drug’s expiration date falls after the execution date. They also are challenging Arizona’s protocol for gas chamber executions. Prosecutors say Atwood is trying to indefinitely postpone his execution through legal maneuvers. Judge Michael Liburdi said he will likely issue an order over the weekend. Two weeks ago, Atwood declined to choose between lethal injection or...
    Plants at the Joyn Bio greenhouse in Woodland, Calif.Photo courtesy Joyn Bio Nitrogen fertilizer is crucial to growing crops and feeding the global population. But it's expensive, in critically short supply, and is a contributor to climate change because the process to make it releases greenhouse gases. It's a thorny problem, but microbes may be able to help solve it. That's the thesis of Mike Miille and the team at Joyn Bio, a start-up launched in October 2017 as a joint partnership between the synthetic biology company Ginkgo Bioworks and the life science conglomerate Bayer's investment arm, Leaps by Bayer. Joyn Bio, headquartered in Boston, is working to engineer a microbe that would allow corn, wheat, and rice farmers to cut their use of nitrogen fertilizer by half while maintaining the same crop yield. From the jump, Miille knew this was a "moonshot," he told CNBC in a phone call in April. After three and a half years of work, Joyn Bio is testing prototypes, but is still three to four years off from having a product to sell to...
    INSIDE your Guinness can lurks a secret - a tiny plastic ball that makes sure the iconic creamy head is achieved. Called widgets, these plastic balls blast the stout beer with nitrogen gas to aerate the head, making your Guinness taste as though it was just poured fresh from the tap. 1The plastic devices inside a can of Guinness are called widgetsCredit: Wikipedia Why is there a ball in Guinness cans? Nitrogenisation is the key to making a beer that’s rich and creamy, with a smooth texture. According to the Guinness website, Guinness pairs nitrogen gas and carbon dioxide when the beer is poured in pubs on draught, to balance out the texture. This is hard to replicate in a can so for Guinness served in cans, little white balls called widgets are used, to blast the stout with nitrogen gas. While these widgets are spherical in the Guinness can, they are shaped like rockets in bottles. How does the Guinness ball work? The Guiness ball is a hollow, spherical piece of plastic with a tiny hole in it....
    By JEFF AMY, Associated Press ATLANTA (AP) — A refrigeration company and firefighters were called to a northeast Georgia chicken processing plant where a liquid nitrogen leak killed six workers in January. The continuing concern at the Foundation Food Group plant in Gainesville came as the Hall County Sheriff's Office announced autopsy results for the dead workers Friday. All were found to have died from “asphyxia due to, or as a consequence of liquid nitrogen exposure.” Hall County firefighters said they were called to the plant about 4 p.m. Thursday concerning an ammonia leak that may have happened around 9:30 a.m. “Hall County Fire Services has responded to the location, evaluated the scene, and found no hazards, including ammonia, to be present,” Division Chief Zach Brackett wrote in an email. It's unclear if there was an ammonia release earlier. The company released a statement but didn't respond to specific questions. “After a review of the Foundation Food Group prepared foods facility today by a professional refrigeration company, no actionable levels of ammonia were found, and the plant was cleared of...
    ATLANTA (AP) — A refrigeration company and firefighters were called to a northeast Georgia chicken processing plant where a liquid nitrogen leak killed six workers in January. The continuing concern at the Foundation Food Group plant in Gainesville came as the Hall County Sheriff’s Office announced autopsy results for the dead workers Friday. All were found to have died from “asphyxia due to, or as a consequence of liquid nitrogen exposure.” Hall County firefighters said they were called to the plant about 4 p.m. Thursday concerning an ammonia leak that may have happened around 9:30 a.m. “Hall County Fire Services has responded to the location, evaluated the scene, and found no hazards, including ammonia, to be present,” Division Chief Zach Brackett wrote in an email. It’s unclear if there was an ammonia release earlier. The company released a statement but didn’t respond to specific questions. “After a review of the Foundation Food Group prepared foods facility today by a professional refrigeration company, no actionable levels of ammonia were found, and the plant was cleared of any potential risk to the...
    Surely you have heard that the inflation of car tires can be done with nitrogen, a gas whose main characteristic is that, as it does not contain moisture, it does not expand or contract with the change of temperature inside the tire while it is in motion, something that it does happen with the ambient air. With this we do not want to suggest that ordinary air is bad or does not work, since it is always and will continue to be used to inflate tires, but nitrogen has other qualities. To get to know them thoroughly, we went to Ricardo Camino, manager of Autocamino, an authorized Pirelli distributor located in Puebla. What does it consist of “Using nitrogen to fill the tires is better. What happens is that ordinary air, the one we breathe and that is stored in a compressor to be used is made up of several elements, one is mostly nitrogen, oxygen and humidity in the environment. “Being a mixture of different gases, the size of the molecules of each one is...
    The coronavirus lockdown has led to a 20 per cent global reduction in the amount of nitrogen dioxide being spewed into the atmosphere between February and June. NASA analysis looked at how much of the greenhouse gas has been produced at 5,756 sites in 46 countries.  Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is less prevalent than carbon dioxide, but is 300 times more potent as a contributor to global warming.  Nitrogen dioxide is an air pollutant that is primarily produced by the combustion of fossil fuels, with major emitters being vehicles and industry.   The drop in concentration was larger in cities, with NO2 drops of between 20 and 60 per cent seen in 50 of the 61 metropolises that were analysed.  Previous studies indicate that since the first wave of coronavirus restrictions were eased, air pollution has increased again as people started travelling more.  Pictured, a graph showing the difference between observed NO2 and the predicted level based on years past. The red dotted line indicates when the Spring lockdown was brought into force. It shows a decline in air pollution of more...
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