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(CNN)The United States is to take part in a joint military exercise with India less than 100 kilometers (62 miles) from the South Asian country's disputed border with China.

The military drills will be held in mid-October at an altitude of 10,000 feet in Auli in the Indian state of Uttarakhand and will focus on high-altitude warfare training, according to a senior Indian Army officer with knowledge of the matter.
Auli is about 95 kilometers from the Line of Actual Control (LAC), an inhospitable piece of land where the disputed border between India and China is roughly demarcated.
    The drills will take place as part of the 18th edition of an annual joint exercise known as "Yudh Abhyas" -- or "War Practice".
      Relations between India and China have been strained since a bloody clash between their soldiers in the Himalayas in June 2020 left at least 20 Indian troops and four Chinese soldiers dead.Read MoreTensions have been raised further recently by China building a bridge across the Pangong Tso lake that sits along the border -- a move condemned by the Indian government as an "illegal occupation."During a visit to India this year, the US Army's Pacific Commanding General Charles Flynn described China's military build-up near the disputed border as "alarming."
        Asked about the joint exercises, a US Department of Defense spokesperson told CNN that the partnership with India was "one of the most important elements of our shared vision for a free and open Indo-Pacific region." "One important element of this broader effort includes exercises and training events and Yudh Abhyas is one such annual bilateral exercise designed to improve interoperability and improve our respective capacities to address a range of regional security challenges," the spokesperson said. Line of Actual ControlThe Line of Actual Control, the loosely-defined, de facto border between India and China, emerged out of the Sino-Indian border war of 1962, which itself was sparked by longstanding historical territorial disagreements. Its precise location can be blurry, and there is still dispute between China and India as to where one country ends and the other begins.Why are China and India fighting over an inhospitable strip of the Himalayas? Any military provocations between Indian and China could have grave consequences. Both have nuclear weapons.
          Border tensions escalated between the two countries after soldiers fought with fists, stones and nail-studded bamboo poles in a bloody brawl that killed at least 20 Indian soldiers in June 2020 in the Galwan Valley, close to Aksai Chin, an area controlled by China but claimed by both countries.Though tensions have since eased, both sides maintain a large troop presence in the border region, raising the risk of potential miscalculation in the event of sudden and unexpected clashes.

          News Source: CNN

          Tags: disputed border border between india and china disputed military exercise china and india to take part joint exercise the himalayas tensions soldiers between drills

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          Chinese tech giants share details of their prized algorithms with top regulator in unprecedented move

          China has introduced rules that aim to govern how technology platforms use recommendation algorithms. It is part of a broader push from Beijing to more closely regulate China's domestic technology sector.Thomas White | Reuters

          Chinese technology giants shared details of their prized algorithms with the country's regulators in an unprecedented move, as Beijing looks for more oversight over its domestic internet sector.

          The Cyberspace Administration of China, one of the country's most powerful regulators, released a list on Friday of 30 algorithms alongside a brief description of their purpose from companies including e-commerce firm Alibaba and gaming giant Tencent.

          It comes after China brought in a law in March governing the way tech firms use recommendation algorithms. The rules include allowing users to opt out of recommendation algorithms, as well as requiring companies to obtain a license to provide news services.

          Algorithms are the secret sauce behind the success of many of China's technology companies. They can be used to target users with products or videos based on information about that customer.

          But during the past nearly two years, Beijing has tightened regulation on China's technology sector in areas from data protection to antitrust in a bid to rein in the power of the country's giants that have grown, largely unencumbered, over a few years.

          The March law also requires companies to file details of the algorithms with the cyberspace regulator.

          Details are thin in the public filing. For example, the algorithm made by ByteDance for Douyin, the Chinese version of TikTok, is used for recommending graphics, videos, products and services that may be of interest to users through behavioral data such as clicks and likes, according to the CAC filing.

          The algorithm for Taobao, Alibaba's Chinese marketplace, is used for content recommendation on the homepage and other parts of the app through a user's historical search data, the filing says.

          While the public filing from the CAC keeps things brief, it's unclear how much insight the regulator had into the inner workings behind the algorithms from the technology companies.

          CNBC has reached out to Alibaba, Tencent, Baidu, ByteDance and NetEase for comment.

          China's move to create a registration system for algorithms is unprecedented. The U.S. and European Union have yet to introduce anything like the law seen in China, although European lawmakers are currently debating rules around the use of artificial intelligence.

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