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(CNN)We may find fireworks beautiful and festive, but they explode like magnified gunfire in the exquisitely sensitive ears of many of our pets.

Measuring between 150 and 175 decibels, fireworks are louder than many planes at takeoff (about 140 decibels). Decibels measure the loudness of a sound while hertz measure the frequency of a sound.
The benefits of owning a pet -- and the surprsing science behind itHuman ears are damaged at a mere 85 decibels. Yet we can hear to only about 20,000 hertz, while dogs can hear between 45,000 and 65,000 hertz. Just think of the physical and emotional damage that might occur to a dog left outside to face the noise.
    Not to mention that when frightened, dogs bolt, and owners may lose their best friends in the night.
      "Dogs have been known to dig under or jump over fences, break tethers or even shatter windows in response to their fireworks fears," according to Best Friends Animal Society, one of the nation's oldest no-kill agencies.Read MoreThat leaves dogs running loose, possibly to be struck by cars, picked up by strangers, even turned into local animal shelters, which may still have limited hours due to the pandemic. Anxious pet owners may face barriers in identifying and rescuing their pet.Danger to all types of pets
        July 4th fireworks events: Dazzling pyrotechnic shows are back on for 2021Statistics show at least 40% of dogs have noise phobias, which can include fear of thunderstorms, leaf blowers, power drills and even hair dryers. But those noises are relatively constant, experts say, while fireworks are frighteningly sporadic and therefore unexpected."Many animals associate loud noises with danger," said Dr. Michelle Lugones, a veterinarian with Best Friends Animal Society. "From an evolutionary standpoint they are wired to avoid perceived threats, so it's not surprising that fireworks are distressing to many animals." It's not just dogs. Cats and many other domestic and wild animals have sensitive hearing, provided by nature to find and hunt prey. "It's very likely that cats suffer just as much from fireworks phobia as dogs," Lugones said. "But since cats tend to be more independent in the home and usually run and hide during fearful situations, their owners may just not realize that they are distressed from fireworks."Ahead of Fourth of July fireworks celebrations, prepare to safeguard your animal companions. Small pets such as rabbits and guinea pigs are prey species and so are easily stressed, Lugones continued, adding that "unfortunately, rabbits can even die from extreme fright especially if they have underlying illness. They may also injure themselves attempting to flee."Cows are social animals, Lugones said, so loud noises could spook an entire herd, while horses are also prey species that can easily become startled by fireworks."It may be less understood how reptiles and birds respond to fireworks, but they too have stress responses, so precautions should be taken for them," she said.Prepare your pet before darkThe key to helping your pet survive this frightening onslaught is being prepared, said Dr. Douglas Kratt, president of the American Veterinary Medical Association.Tags and microchips. Be sure your pet has a well-fitting collar with current identification tags, Kratt said. If your pet has a microchip, make sure your correct contact info is recorded with the vet clinic or shelter that implanted the chip.Stressed pets: How to stop it now and when you go back to workThat way, if your pet does escape into the night, you will be able to immediately call and alert the vet or shelter about their absence.Exercise before dark. A tired dog is a calmer dog. A happy cat is a more relaxed cat, Kratt said. Fit in some extra playtime for your cats, and take dogs out for play and exercise well before dark. Such activities burn off extra energy, thus limiting anxiety later when it's time to sleep.Bring all pets indoors. Don't leave your pet outside to suffer alone. Put a dog's crate or bed in the quietest, most enclosed room possible, Kratt said."Keep windows and curtains closed to further muffle sounds, and take some time to see what works best for your dog, such as lowering the lights or covering the crate with a blanket," he said.Cats like to go high to feel secure, so give them a covered cozy cave that is elevated off the ground, like a hut on an indoor cat tree or in a closet.Distract your pet. Provide lots of new toys and long-lasting chews and treats. Food puzzles may also keep them distracted from the unnerving noises.Use calming aids. Many pets respond to "thunder" shirts or blankets that wrap them in a heavy, calming cocoon. Cats and dogs often enjoy smelling species-specific pheromones. Cats can wear collars with scents that mimic the pheromone mother cats produce to calm their kittens. Dogs respond to the scent of lactating female dogs, called appropriately "dog appeasing pheromone," or DAP.Use calming sounds. First, muffle sounds by closing curtains and doors near your pet. Calming music, or white noise like fans or television -- but not too loud -- can be used to provide comfortable, familiar sounds. Humans must stay calm, too. If you aren't fond of fireworks either, try to remain calm around your pet anyway, Kratt said. "Our pets may look to us to see how we are reacting and be influenced by our behavior," he said. "Try not to react too strongly to fireworks or your pets' distress." How service dogs safeguard, deepen relationships and save us from ourselvesUse medication as a last resort. While there is nothing wrong with turning to your vet for calming medications, experts worry that pet owners might rely on that first, without doing the behavioral modification tips above. But if you have tried all these ideas and your furry friend is still in a panic, reach out to your vet for advice.Keep animals away from your fireworks. If your pet isn't bothered by the noise and you plan to set off your own fireworks, be sure to keep your pet inside and secured. Some dogs may "chase after the bright moving objects and are at risk to be burned or blinded in the process," says Best Friends Animal Society. In addition, many fireworks also contain "substances that are toxic if ingested," so be sure to safely store your fireworks where a pet cannot find them. When fireworks endThe dangers for pets extend past exploding fireworks, Kratt said.All the essentials your dog actually needs, according to vets (CNN Underscored)"The Fourth has some other risks for our pets, such as an abundance of unhealthy and accessible foods at parties, dangerous summer heat, and dangerous debris on the ground following fireworks displays," Kratt said.Before you let your pet loose in the yard the next day, check it carefully for leftover pieces and parts from exploded fireworks."Even if you didn't set off fireworks yourself, debris can make its way into your yard, where curious animals may pick it up to play with or eat," Kratt said.
          Used and unused fireworks are toxic to pets, Lugones said.Get CNN Healths weekly newsletter

          Sign up here to get The Results Are In with Dr. Sanjay Gupta every Tuesday from the CNN Health team.

          "Depending on the chemicals they contain, fireworks can cause severe gastrointestinal signs such as vomiting, bloody diarrhea, abdominal pain, and foreign body obstruction," she said. "They can also cause acute kidney failure, difficulty breathing, and seizures. If there's any concern your pet has ingested fireworks, contact a veterinarian immediately."

          News Source: CNN

          Tags: to your vet your fireworks your pet from fireworks a veterinarian fireworks to keep your to fireworks prey species many animals many animals according loud noises measure before dark if your pet if your pet your animal

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          Norway warns it may have to kill a beloved 1,300-pound walrus named Freya

          (CNN)A massive, fish-loving walrus named Freya is stirring up trouble in Norway -- and the Norwegian government has warned it may have to euthanize her if Norwegians don't leave her alone.

          The Norwegian Directorate of Fisheries told CNN that it is "monitoring the situation" around Freya, observing the walrus closely with a patrol vessel. The young female walrus has been spending time at the Oslo Fjord, an inlet on the country's southeastern coast.
            Beluga whale rescued from Seine River euthanized in transit, French authorities sayBut recently, "the public has disregarded the current recommendation to keep a clear distance to the walrus," Nadia Jdaini, spokesperson for the Norwegian Directorate of Fisheries, told CNN in an email.
              Visitors are swimming with Freya, throwing objects at her, and getting close to her to take photos -- sometimes "with their children in tow," said Jdaini.For the directorate, this means that their warnings aren't enough. Read More"We will have to look at other options than the current strategy of asking people to stay clear of the wild animal," said Jdaini. "One of those options, as previously stated by the Directorate from the beginning of this summer, is to greenlight a controlled operation to put the animal down."
                "Other possible solutions, like moving the animal from the Oslo-fjord, is also in the ongoing discussions."Female walruses weigh between 600 and 900 kilograms, or around 1,300 to 2,000 pounds, said Jdaini. There are over 25,000 Atlantic walruses making their homes in the icy waters around Canada, Greenland, Norway and Russia, according to the World Wildlife Fund. The marine mammals migrate along the coast to feed on mollusks and other invertebrates in shallow waters.Freya has become a social media sensation this summer, Rune Aae, who teaches biology at the University of South-Eastern Norway and manages a Google map of Freya sightings, told CNN. Several popular videos show the walrus clambering onto small boats to sunbathe.Freya rests on a boat in Frognerkilen, Oslo Fjord, Norway, on July 19, 2022. "Normally, walruses will show up on some islands, but they will leave quite soon, because they're afraid of people," said Aae.But Freya "is not afraid of people," he said. "Actually, I think she likes people. So that's why she's not leaving." Aae said that the last time a walrus was documented this far south in the North Sea was 2013. "It's not common at all," he said -- which led crowds of Norwegians flocking to see Freya. The directorate's plan to relocate Freya out of the fjord would be logistically challenging and dangerous, Aae said, as it would require careful timing of sedation to ensure she doesn't drown in the water.
                  He said ideally, Freya will leave on her own, as she did in March after visiting the Oslo Fjord. "Killing her is an easy way out," said Aae. "Maybe the mood has changed in the public opinion about her. So I really hope that they try to move her, or have the patience to wait."

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